Claes Oldenburg (born January 28, 1929) is a Swedish-born American sculptor, best known for his public art installations typically featuring large replicas of everyday objects. Here is an article written by Oldenburg's first wife. Oldenburg lives and works in New York. Renting an actual store, he stocked it with his constructions. In 1962 he began creating a series of happenings, i.e., experimental presentations involving sound, movement, objects, and people. Discover all the facts that no one tells you about Claes Oldenburg below ↓ Claes Oldenburg (Sculptor) was born on the 28th of January, 1929. Claes Oldenburg. I showed the students how they could make their sculptures hollow to stretch their alloted clay further. He is not the first artist to make soft sculpture, but certainly the artist most closely associated with this medium. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. History of Floor Cake. Another theme in his work is soft sculpture versions of everyday objects. Like other artists of the Pop-art movement, he chose as his subjects the banal products of consumer life. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In 1952–54 he attended the school of the Art Institute of Chicago and in 1953 he opened a studio, doing freelance illustrating for magazines. In 1956, he moved to New York, and for a time worked in the library of the Cooper Union Museum for the Arts of Decoration, where he also took the opportunity to learn more, on his own, about the history of art. Oldenburg's own writings, such as Injun and Other Histories (1960) (1966), Store Days (1967), and Claes Oldenburg Notes (1968), provide insights into his philosophy and approach to art. The sculptures are officially titled "Typewriter Eraser, Scale X". Much of Oldenburg’s early life was spent in the United States, Sweden, and Norway, a result of moves his father made as a Swedish consular official. An exhibition of Oldenburg’s work in 1966 in New York City included, in addition to his soft sculptures, a series of drawings and watercolours that he called Colossal Monuments. 5th grade students learned about Pop Artist, Claes Oldenburg, and viewed images of his food sculptures. Oldenburg’s Giant Soft Fan was installed in the U.S. Pavilion at Expo 67 in Montreal, and his work was also exhibited at Expo 70 in Ōsaka, Japan. Corrections? What does this all mean? The students had 2 class periods to make their own miniature food sculptures out of air dry clay- one to construct and one to paint. Saying "Everything I do is completely original - I made it up when I was a kid," Oldenburg's pioneering work made monumental sculptures of badminton shuttlecocks and ice cream cones. They later divorced. For some of his happenings Oldenburg created giant objects made of cloth stuffed with paper or rags. Oldenburg began toying with the idea of soft sculpture in 1957, when he completed a free-hanging piece made from a woman's stocking stuffed with newspaper. By using "small subjects," as he said, "on a grand scale," the "real landscape" took on "imaginary dimensions." In 1961 Claes Oldenburg opened a shop, The Store, in his workshop in New York’s Lower East Side, from which he sold plaster re-creations of foodstuffs and merchandise. The full text of the article is here →, Claes Oldenburg in the studio. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Claes-Oldenburg, Official Site of Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen, Guggenheim - Biography of Claes Oldenburg, The Art Story - Biography of Claes Oldenburg, Claes Oldenburg - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). At the Claes Oldenburg: The Sixties exhibit, museum visitors can see some of the artist's early sculptures of food and everyday items in "The Store" Thursday, Sept. 19, … The first public artwork installed by the artist, it worked to solidify his alignment with the peace movement, and shaped his goals for larger future commissions. But Oldenburg's spirited art found first a niche then a great popularity that endures to this day. Oldenburg lives and works in New York. In 1977, artist Claes Oldenburg and his wife and collaborator Coosje van Bruggen created a proposal for a bridge intended to span the same Niewe Maas river in Rotterdam. Claes Oldenburg was born on January 28, 1929 in Stockholm, the son of Gösta Oldenburg and his wife Sigrid Elisabeth née Lindforss. Claes Oldenburg, Clothespin, 1976. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). ? In other words he takes ordinary things, like a stamp, and alters it into a colossal sculpture. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Claes Oldenburg is known for his birthday ingenious, and oversized renditions of ordinary objects. The couple began to collaborate on commissions, and from 1981 her signature also appeared on their work. The 51-foot-long utensil cradles a 1,200-pound maraschino cherry that sprays a cascade of water from its stem. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Inspired by food, clothing and household appliances, Oldenburg's sculptures introduce surprising modifications in terms of scale, materials and texture. In the 1960s Oldenburg became associated with the Pop Art movement and created many so-called happenings, which were performance art related productions of that time. Artwork page for ‘Counter and Plates with Potato and Ham’, Claes Oldenburg, 1961 on display at Tate Liverpool. Van Bruggen died in 2009 after 32 years of marriage. OLDENBURG: Of course, Duchamp does come into it. He was careful, however, to choose objects with close human associations, such as bathtubs, typewriters, light switches, and electric fans. By 1962, Oldenburg began creating soft sculptures from fabric, kapok (a soft material that was used to stuff furniture at that time), and foam rubber. (The piece was untitled when he made it but is now referred to as Sausage.) Behind him is the work “Big Tools (Screwdriver, Pliers, Hammer),” 1985. Advertisement. He was educated at Yale University (1946–50), where writing was his main interest, and he worked from 1950 to 1952 as an apprentice reporter for the City News Bureau in Chicago. Many of his works were made in collaboration with his wife, Coosje van Bruggen. His early monumental proposals remained unbuilt (such as the giant vacuum cleaner for the Battery in New York City, 1965; Bat Spinning at the Speed of Light for his alma mater, the Latin School of Chicago, 1967; and a colossal Windshield Wiper for Chicago’s Grant Park, 1967); but in 1969 his Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks was placed surreptitously on the Yale University campus, remaining there until 1970, when it was removed to be rebuilt for its permanent home at Morse College, elsewhere on the campus. Claes’s birth flower is Carnation and birthstone is Garnet. Sculpture, an artistic form in which hard or plastic materials are worked into three-dimensional art objects. Oldenburg's first show that included three-dimensional works, in May 1959, was at the Judson Gallery, at Judson Memorial Church on Washington Square. Naugahyde, wood, chain, plastic and wire. In 1977 Oldenburg married Coosje van Bruggen, his second wife. So which COUNTRY does claes oldenburg make his sculptures in? Another theme in his work is soft sculpture versions of everyday objects. Updates? His father was then a Swedish diplomat stationed in New York and in 1936 was appointed Consul General of Sweden to Chicago where Oldenburg grew up, attending the Latin School of Chicago. A lot of that is picked up in pop art, too—by Andy, for example. His aim is 'to get people accustomed to recognising the power of objects'. By 1962, Oldenburg began creating soft sculptures from fabric, kapok (a soft material that was used to stuff furniture at that time), and foam rubber. In addition, his use of soft, yielding vinyl gave the objects human, often sexual, overtones. Duchamp is known for calling a thing art, rather than making it. While further developing his craft, he worked as a reporter at the City News Bureau of Chicago. Claes Oldenburg is an American sculptor, best known for his public art installations typically featuring very large replicas of everyday objects. Another theme in his work is soft sculpture versions of everyday objects. In 1960–61 he created The Store, a collection of painted plaster copies of food, clothing, jewelry, and other items. They worked with architect Frank Gehry on the Main Street Project (1975–84) in Venice, Calif., and Camp Good Times (1984–85) in the Santa Monica Mountains. Oldenburg's first recorded sales of artworks were at the 57th Street Art Fair in Chicago, where he sold 5 items for a total price of $25. He is presently married to the art historian and critic, Coosje van Bruggen, who since 1985 has collaborated with Oldenburg on much of his work. 1976. These interests led to the work for which Oldenburg is best known: soft sculptures. During this time, artist Robert Beauchamp described Oldenburg as "brilliant," due to the reaction that the pop artist brought to a "dull" abstract expressionist period. An enormous variety of media…. When Claes Oldenburg, widely recognized as the father of Pop art, heard that a visitor to his studio at the western edge of SoHo wanted to see drawings of the fictional land he invented as a … Him and Coosje van Bruggen ( wife and collaborator ) had already created a copious amount of sculptures before Spoonbridge and Cherry. He also opened his own studio and, in 1953, became a naturalized citizen of the United States. The sculptor Claes Oldenburg was born in Stockholm but grew up in Chicago, went to Yale and came to New York in 1956, where he became a key player in the pop art … Claes Oldenburg is an American sculptor, best known for his public art installations typically featuring large replicas of everyday objects. In 1962 he exhibited a version of his store in which there were huge canvas-covered, foam-rubber sculptures of an ice-cream cone, a hamburger, and a slice of cake. By 1960 Oldenburg had produced sculptures containing simply rendered figures, letters and signs, inspired by the Lower East Side neighborhood where he lived, made out of materials such as cardboard, burlap, and newspapers; in 1961 he shifted his method, creating sculptures from chicken wire covered with plaster-soaked canvas and enamel paint, depicting everyday objects – articles of clothing and … Oldenburg's first recorded sales of artworks were at the 57th Street Art Fair in Chicago, where he sold 5 items for a total price of $25. There he met a number of artists, including Jim Dine, Red Grooms, and Allan Kaprow, whose happenings incorporated theatrical aspects and provided an alternative to the abstract expressionismthat had come to dominate much of the art scene. These interests led to the work for which Oldenburg is best known: soft sculptures. The forty-seven-year old sculpture is now in the Conservation Department lab for study and treatment. He is not the first artist to make soft sculpture, but certainly the artist most closely associated with this medium. This began a series of successes, such as Clothespin (1976) in Philadelphia, Colossal Ashtray with Fagends at Pompidou Centre in Paris, and Batcolumn (1977), provided by the art-in-architecture program of the federal government for its Social Security Administration office building in Chicago. See more ideas about claes oldenburg, oldenburg, soft sculpture. His birth sign is Aquarius and his life path number is 5. His first wife (1960–1970) Patty Mucha, who sewed many of his early soft sculptures, was a constant performer in his happenings. 144 x 77 x 59 inches (365.8 x 195.6 x 149.9 cm) Purchased with funds from the Coffin Fine Arts Trust; Nathan Emory Coffin Collection of the Des Moines Art Center. They are just over 19 feet tall and made of fiberglass and stainless steel. Photo by William Crutchfield, School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC), Chicago, IL, US, The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claes_Oldenburg, Two Cheeseburgers, with Everything (Dual Hamburgers), Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks, Spoonbridge and Cherry (collaboration with van Bruggen), Cupid's Span (collaboration with van Bruggen), Dropped Cone (collaboration with van Bruggen), Typewriter Eraser, Scale X (collaboration with van Bruggen). Most visitors to the Akron Art Museum experience Claes Oldenburg’s work. In its purest form, however, American Pop was a movement… Oldenburg and Van Bruggen made these Giant Typewriter Erasersfrom 1989-1990. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. © 1971 Claes Oldenburg. Many of his works were made in collaboration with his wife, Coosje van Bruggen, who died in 2009 after 32 years of marriage. Photo by John Vosburgh, via Flickr. This is a part of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). Corten steel, aluminum, cast resin, polyurethane enamel - Yale University. In December 1961, he rented a store on Manhattan's Lower East Side to house "The Store," a month-long installation he had first presented at the Martha Jackson Gallery in New York, stocked with sculptures roughly in the form of consumer goods. He studied literature and art history at Yale University from 1946 to 1950, then returned to Chicago where he took classes at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago. The cast of colleagues who appeared in his Performances included artists Lucas Samaras, Tom Wesselman, Carolee Schneemann, Oyvind Fahlstrom and Richard Artschwager, dealer Annina Nosei, critic Barbara Rose, and screenwriter Rudy Wurlitzer. Omissions? His large-scale sculpture, often presented in public spaces or made of soft or industria materials, exemplify the satirical and everyday qualities of Pop Art. This brash, often humorous, approach to art was at great odds with the prevailing sensibility that, by its nature, art dealt with "profound" expressions or ideas. Oldenburg began toying with the idea of soft sculpture in 1957, when he completed a free-hanging piec… The Swedish-born American sculptor Claes Oldenburg produced several important Happenings (notably The Store [1961]), but by the mid-1960s he was producing his distinctively surreal “soft sculptures,” consisting of vinyl-covered kapok-stuffed enlargements of objects such as hamburgers and cigarette butts. Oldenburg also gained U.S. citizenship in 1953. Let’s find out! She recounts how she started out hemming his trousers and later became the person that constructed his soft sculptures in the 60s. Another theme in his work is soft sculpture versions of everyday objects. He moved back to New York City in 1956. The designs may be embodied in freestanding objects, in reliefs on surfaces, or in environments ranging from tableaux to contexts that envelop the spectator. Oct 9, 2016 - Explore marijana grbac's board "Claes Oldenburg - soft sculpture" on Pinterest. A Pop Art sculptor who doesn't like labels: Claes Oldenburg, who turns 90 on January 28, made a name for himself through enormous, colorful sculptures of everyday objects. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Claes Oldenburg’s artistic career spans the experimental decades of the American avant-garde beginning in the late 1960s. By 1960 Oldenburg had produced sculptures containing simply rendered figures, letters and signs, inspired by the Lower East Side neighborhood where he lived, made out of materials such as cardboard, burlap, and newspapers; in 1961 he shifted his method, creating sculptures from chicken wire covered with plaster-soaked canvas and enamel paint, depicting everyday objects – articles of clothing and food items. 17 Photos. For some of his happenings Oldenburg created giant objects made of cloth stuffed with paper or rags. He moved back to New York City in 1956. Claes Oldenburg and His Art, Through the Years. Many of his works were made in collaboration with his wife, Coosje van Bruggen, who died in 2009; they had been married for 32 years. The name he gave to his own productions was "Ray Gun Theater". He, with his wife Coosje van Bruggen, were the creators of Inverted Q, the large painted concrete sculpture occupying an honored position at the front door. Like other artists of the Pop-art movement, he chose as his subjects the banal products of consumer life. An artist who gained prominence for his large-scale installations in public space, and moreover for being affiliated with the Pop art movement, Claes Oldenburg has made a number of astounding sculptures which are indeed oversized replicas of everyday objects.Most of those works were realized in close collaboration with his spouse, art historian Coosje van Bruggen. It was the reinvention of sculpture, really. With van Bruggen, Oldenburg created such large-scale sculptures as Spoonbridge and Cherry (1985–88) for the Minneapolis Sculpture Garden, as well as a soft sculpture of an oversized shuttlecock specially for a 1995 retrospective of his work at the Guggenheim Museum in New York City. Giant BLT, among the earliest of Claes Oldenburg’s soft sculptures, joins other cafeteria edibles in his work, such as the painted plaster reliefs he produced for his 1961 environment The Store, or his soft treatments of hamburgers, ice cream cones, and French fries. Claes Oldenburg (born January 28, 1929) is an American sculptor, best known for his public art installations typically featuring large replicas of everyday objects. ROSE: This was an enormous invention, as was the fact that it’s no longer this traditional bronze material. ... Oldenburg working out in his studio. Claes Oldenburg, in full Claes Thure Oldenburg, (born Jan. 28, 1929, Stockholm, Sweden), Swedish-born American Pop-art sculptor, best known for his giant soft sculptures of everyday objects. Three-Way Plug, Scale A (Soft), Prototype in Blue, 1971. In 1956 he moved to New York City, where he became fascinated with the elements of street life: store windows, graffiti, advertisements, and trash. 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