If they aren’t killed, they are often sold as rare white to unknowing customers. Merle is a dominant gene. What other Merle French Bulldog color combinations exist? They can also, on occasion, have two brown eyes. The merle gene is usually dominant, so a merle dog will have inherited the gene from one of its parents. Blue Merle French Bulldog health concerns; Like mentioned before – the dog will not suffer any additional health problems just by being a merle, however, the French Bulldog breed is prone to some health issues, and one of the most important ones you should learn about is IVDD. All you have to do is cross a merle dog of one breed with a breed that doesn't yet have the color, and then you just breed back into… Instead, they’re mostly white with merle patches. 3. However this shade is a lot more champagne looking compared to the regular lilac. Merle is a gene that causes random modifications throughout the dog’s coat, paw pads, nose, and eyes, by removing pigment – the result being patches of missing pigment that are placed on previously mentioned areas. They possess unique coats that take a lot of controversies. They charge outrageous prices for puppies, dogs and stud fees. Merle French bulldog puppies are one of the rarest French bulldog colors. A dog with two merle genes will be mainly white in color. Merles commonly have blue eyes. Merle and Rare Colored French Bulldogs. Another study found that merles had a “significantly greater” frequency of eye abnormalities than non-merles. Blue Merle French Bulldogs gained extreme popularity in the past year due to their unique appearance and often sky blue or uneven looking eyes. Contrary to popular beliefe, the merle gene in itself does not cause any helth issues. Heterochromia literally translates to two different colored eyes. Limited visibility or eye sight issues comes from visibly less pigment in the eye (lack of eye color). Merle French Bulldog Health Risks . A by-product of selective color breeding is a Bulldog population that is conformationally incorrect, has many faults, and doesn’t look like a Bulldog, has a much higher frequency of health problems, and can be mean, overly sensitive, submissive, or highly unsocial, all of which gives our breed a bad reputation. If the dog inherits one Merle gene and one non-merle gene, he is considered heterozygous (Mm). as Merle Is unrecognised by KC this father has certified certificate proof of breed french bulldog. What is the coat color introduction? A long history of health issues. Breeding a cream/fawn Frenchie with a Merle French Bulldog, without knowing the standard colored cream/fawn is a ghost merle can also result in accidentally producing double merles. Isabella is one of the newest colors in the French Bulldog breed. Merle coloured French bulldogs have the most peculiar and unusual coat colour. Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome But the main reason you want to avoid producing MM dogs is that they often have visual and auditory problems. Practically, brachycephalic means “with a short head” and their face was made to be short purely out of aesthetic purposes. Not everyone knows the risks of breeding two merles together. HEALTH ISSUES The merle gene by itself does not cause health issues. So what is the conclusion? One study reported 36.8% of Dachshunds with the merle coat pattern (Mm) suffered hearing problems ranging from mild to complete deafness. Heterochromia. Needless to say, the deliberate breeding of double merles causes a lot of controversy in the canine world — certain official bodies (such as the Kennel Club in the UK) have clamped down on the practice, refusing to register dogs that are a result of merle-to-merle breeding. We think they are awesome. French Bulldogs and New York Lottery | Here to Make Your Day with Frenchies, 4 Signs of a French Bulldog Scam and 4 Ways You Can Avoid Them | Ethical Frenchie, 7 French Bulldog Facts that Might Surprise and Astound You, A Thorough Understanding of Nutrients for French Bulldogs, The Rise of French Bulldog Theft and What you need to Know and Solve, Blue Merle French Bulldog - Everything You Wanted to Know, Top 5 DIY Summer Treats For Your French Bulldog, Most Common Mistakes French Bulldog Owners Make, Best Food For a French Bulldog - Our 2020 Guide, French Bulldog Health Risks – Welfare Problems Behind the Cute Face, How to Increase French Bulldog Lifespan With These Simple Steps, Blue Merle French Bulldog health concerns. Blue merle French Bulldogs, just like any colored bulldogs, require special care and attention. You only need to brush their coat once a week. You are not the only one. The Merle French Bulldog has a gene that creates mottled patches of color in a solid or piebald coat, and it can affect skin pigment as well. The problem stems from unscrupulous breeders and AKC’s practice of registering these Non-Standard colors. Should you buy a blue Merle French Bulldog? After generations and generations of breeding it back, it finally becomes a 100% French Bulldog. For example, in a litter of mixed colour puppies the non-merles will be (mm), while a merle will be (Mm), meaning it has inherited one merle gene and one non-merle gene. Merle gene might not express itself in cream or fawn-colored French Bulldogs. Hearing loss is attributed to the absence of pigment in the eye passage hairs. The strength of the other colours in the dog’s coat (tan and black, or red and tan) can vary as well, with some merles appearing to have extremely pale colouring all over, while others can have quite strong patches of colour. And here you have it, a blue fawn merle French Bulldog. Our only disqualification is a Brown or Liver-colored nose. The merle pattern is produced when a dog has a single copy of the M< allele. The Merle gene when doubled up, can, but not always does, cause health issues, mostly deafness and blindness. Breeding two merles creates a pigment disorder, explains Clark, which affects the color and shape of eye development and inner ear nerve endings. No, there are no health issues tied directly to the Merle gene. Sadly, the very thing many people find most appealing about the Bulldog is the very thing that makes him most vulnerable: that adorable, pushed-in face. Standard color breeders and AKC show competitors look down upon exotic colored French Bulldogs like merles, lilacs, blues, chocolates, etc, and consider them to be un-pure and unacceptable. And double merles don’t look like merles. The color itself is inherited through an incompletely dominant allele, which means you can easily transmit it from breed to breed. 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